January 6, 2013

So you want to have a PhD? Tell more how do you swallow this spaghetti dish..

Collection of data is becoming everyday embarrassingly cheaper. The main problem so far is the storage, the organization and last but not least the harsh process of analyzing large data sets. The comprehension of complex phenomenon that might hide behind massive data matrixes could have useful implications in several critical aspects of our every day life. Often although, nevertheless the thorough attempts, the message behind publically financed research ends up not deciphered. Massive quantities of data are everywhere in today’s science. If you are doing science today, you are probably dealing with this kind of issues.
We call this, the BIG DATA problem

Now the question is: are common scientists on top of the situation? 


Well, solving big-data requires expertise in a variety of field (especially maths), and also high-computational power.

As is usually the case does this power depend on the ability of an institution to come up with enough financial resources in order to keep up with the technological needs. Unfortunately is this power often confined to big corporations and certain governmental institutions such as defense units.
The problem with these latter is that they are too biased by market logics and geopolitical goals.
Lastly, big institutions are not everywhere and the common and/or independent scientist deserve to access to big-data solutions like everyone, without the need to rely on a big institution, or on a huge grant. 
Also me: my father didn’t give me a super-computer and an army of data scientists for Christmas. Of course, i feel so bad for this. :(

Is my request impossible? 

While I was trying to solve such empasses, I discovered that this is only the tipping point of the iceberg. The solution i found, didn’t basically fit with current rules of science world. 
In order to get a clear picture,  let’s take a look on how science works nowadays. At an academic level, we still have highly contrasting hierarchical subdivisions of the academic system. To work yourself up, one has to bridge the huge gaps that divide these different sub-levels. The track that one has to follow is hard, especially in the country where I grew up: Italy.


Brain drain from "State of World's Science" on Scientific American

Moreover, in times of crisis, the rule is be outstanding, or be not!. Outstanding research is nowadays synonymous for “impactful, innovative and applied” research. And what about those with the ambition to study the cancer biology of groundhogs, or the disease mechanisms behind malaria? Do they deserve to do so for knowledge’s sake, or not? The clear trend we see nowadays is that people are rather motivated to put their energy in developing marketable products rather than investing their time in performing breakthrough basic research. If this is the direction, science in its original meaning is doomed. It is well known how basic research leaded in the past to astonishing results: e.g. Fire and Mello’s serendipity discover of RNAi is one of many great examples. Think about great scientists like Galvani and so on. The research that they performed was considered basic back than but has found its clear-cut implications decades and decades later on. But I do not need to come up with all these stories in order to to support my opinion, since i believe that knowledge itself is worth all the money we spend each year in other silly and useless business.
My mom used to say: “You may be deprived of money, home or family, but no one can ever take away your culture”.

How can we combine together the need of profits with the right of making basic research?



Returning to hierarchies we could say that in general, from the bottom we see: internship fellow, phD students, post-doc fellows, researchers, “professors”. In the academic system, progression of science and progression of career are based on publications. Publications give you credits, social recognition and access to grants. We will discuss this later.

The following I describe is the best case scenario in Italy.


Actually, when you are an internship fellow your responsibilities are low and you are basically nobody in the system based on publications. So, let’s start from a PhD student’s position. Let’s pretend that in this position you have won a scholarship and that for the years of your doctorate your earnings are just sufficient to pay your bills. However, you work hard, you are underpaid and you are dealing with a highly competitive system. Not being able to publish within your PhD period would immediately mark your career as ended and thus the system might push you to behave in an incorrect way (like cooking data). It emerges these days that quantity rather than quality matters. This implicates as well that on each and every single topic in science, contradictory information can be found on the World Wide Web.

phD comics
As a PhD student you are not sure that your name will be written on all the papers produced by the lab, but there are chances of that. And maybe even worse is getting your name in a paper that you almost not contributed to. In the end what counts are first name publications. Of course, you will write your final doctorate thesis, but this doesn’t count as a publication. Finally, you get your PhD and possibly you became a post-doc. Your publication rate rises (It should at least). Eventually you are one of the few to win a “fixed” position as a researcher. You start to apply for grants and possibly you win some. So you are now in the position of setting up your own research unity. You start to work on your beloved project. You think you are free, but actually you still rely on the “professor” that is at head of the institution you work for, because he and the institution are probably still paying for you the technicians and the facilities. Basically you are not 100% independent. So what happens here is that on your paper, the “professor” will sign as the Principal Investigator: what equals with taking the Principal benefits!
Anyhow, lets pretend that you were lucky enough to publish an article in a high- impact factor journal as first author! Great, the only problem is that by now you are 40, still going further on contracts that last no longer than 2 years. As you can see is the way up full with curves and obstacle what makes it a never ending slow process in Italy. This is how it works.

“This is how it works
It feels a little worse
Than when we drove our hearse
Right through that screaming crowd
While laughing up a storm
Until we were just bone
Until it got so warm
That none of us could sleep
And all the styrofoam
Began to melt away
We tried to find some worms
To aid in the decay
But none of them were home
Inside their catacomb
A million ancient bees
Began to sting our knees
While we were on our knees
Praying that disease
Would leave the ones we love
And never come again”
(On the Radio - Regina Spektor) 

Yes, this is how it works, at least in my country. Remember that this is the best case scenario! 
Not too bad, but i’m wondering if these heroes don’t deserve something better?
Is there a parallel universe with another way of living science in a more meritocratic, faster and reliable way?  


As I stated above, the progression of science at the academic level is based on scientific publications. This give you credits, access to grants, and social recognition. In one word: career. 
This I described is only a tiny scratch on a big broken glass. 

We will discuss on the next posts how publication systems work nowadays, and how they are  related to the quality and the progression of scientific research.

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  38. BE CAREFUL HERE NOBODY CAN HELP YOU HERE OR EVEN SUGGEST HOW YOU CAN GET YOUR EX OR LOVE BACK,ANY TESTIMONIES OF MOST SPELL CASTER HERE MUST BE IGNORE.BECAUSE MOST OF THEM ARE SCAM I MEAN REAL SCAM WHICH I WAS A VICTIM AND I GOT RIPPED OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS BECAUSE I WAS SO ANXIOUS TO GET MY WIFE BACK AFTER SHE LEFT ME FOR OVER 2 YEARS WITH MY 7 YEARS OLD SON JERRY,I HAVE APPLIED TO 7 DIFFERENT SPELL CASTER HERE AND ALL TO NO AVAIL THEY ALL ASK FOR SAME THING SEND YOUR NAME YOUR EX NAME ADDRESS AND PICTURE PHONE NUMBER ETC WHICH I DID OVER AND OVER AGAIN AND MOST OF THEM WERE FROM WEST AFRICA UNTIL I SAW A POST ABOUT MAMA ANITA SPELL AND I DECIDED TO GAVE HER MY LAST TRAIL.SHE ASK ME FOUR THINGS MY REAL NAME,MY EX AND MY EX MOTHER NAME AND $380 AND SAID MY EX WILL COME BACK IN 24HOURS, I HAVE PAID OVER $3000 ON SPELL CASTING AND COURIER AND NOTHING HAVE WORK FOR ME AFTER 3 DAYS I WAS THINKING ABOUT HOW MUCH I HAVE LOST SO FAR SO I SAID LET ME GIVE HER A TRY SO I CALLED HER AGAIN AND SEND MY REAL NAME,MY EX AND MY EX MOTHER NAME AND THE $380 BECAUSE I SWEAR IT WAS MY LAST TRY SO I WAS WAITING AS SHE TOLD ME TO WAIT TILL NEXT DAY AND I COULD NOT SLEEP THAT NIGHT BECAUSE I REALLY LOVE MY WIFE AND WANT HER BACK AT 9PMTHAT DAY I SAW MY WIFE ON LINE ON FACE BOOK AND SHE SAID HI AT FIRST I WAS SHOCK BECAUSE SHE NEVER TALK WITH ME FOR THE PAST A YEAR AND 9 MONTH NOW I DID NOT REPLY AGAIN SHE SAID ARE YOU THERE? I QUICKLY REPLY YES AND SHE SAID CAN WE SEE TOMORROW I SAID YES AND SHE WENT OFF-LINE I WAS CONFUSED I TRY TO CHAT HER AGAIN BUT SHE WAS NO MORE ON LINE I COULD NOT SLEEP THAT NIGHT AS I WAS WONDERING WHAT SHE IS GOING TO SAY, BY 7.AM THE NEXT MORNING SHE GAVE ME A MISS CALL I DECIDED NOT TO CALL BACK AS I WAS STILL ON SHOCK AGAIN SHE CALL AND I PICK SHE SAID CAN WE SEE AFTER WORK TODAY I SAID YES SO SHE END THE CALL IMMEDIATELY I GOT OFF WORK SHE CALL ME AND WE MEET AND NOW WE ARE BACK AGAIN I CALL MAMA ANITA THE NEXT DAY THANKING HER FOR WHAT SHE HAS DONE IN FACT I STILL CALL HER AND THANK HER AS MY LIFE WAS NOT COMPLETE WITHOUT MY WIFE PLEASE BE CAREFUL HERE I HAVE BEEN SCAM THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS IF YOU WANT A TRUE LOVE SPELL THEN CONTACT MAMA ANITA (mamaanita.lovespellsolution@gmail.com) or mama.anitaspellcraft@hotmail.com website http://kelvinlargemyself.wix.com/anita

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  40. I’ve desired to post about something similar to this on one of my blogs and this has given me an idea. Cool Mat.

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  41. HOW I WAS SAVED FROM A COLLAPSING RELATIONSHIP BY Dr savior THE GREAT SPELL CASTER
    I want to say thank you to Dr savior for the good thing he has done for me,Though am not sure if this is the best forum to show my joy and happiness for what he has
    done for me but i can't hide my happiness and my Joy so i have to share it with people, my marriage got crashed about two years ago and i tried all i could within my
    power but to no avail. i saw post and testimonial about the good things Dr,savior has been doing so i decided to give it a try. though he is always a busy man but
    when he responded back to my email, he gave me 48 hours for my marriage to be restored really just like he said my marriage was restored since then I am happy and i am
    living happily i am so grateful to Dr savior you can always email him here: {dr.saviour12@gmail.com}

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  43. I want the world to know a great man that is well known as Dr Miracle,he has the perfect solution to relationship issues and marriage problems. The main reason why i went to Dr Miracle was for solution on how i can get my husband back because in recent times i have read some testimonies on the internet which some people has written about Dr Miracle and i was so pleased and i decided to seek for assistance from him on his email (MIRACLESPELLHOME@YAHOO.COM) which he did a perfect job by casting a spell on my husband which made him to come back to me and beg for forgiveness.I will not stop publishing his name on the net because of the good work he is doing. I will drop his contact for the usefulness of those that needs his help.His Email Dr miracles"CONTACT via EMAIL:MIRACLESPELLHOME@YAHOO.COM You can contact him today and get your problem solved.Call +2348071398555.." or you can also contact him through his website http://miraclespellhome.wix.com/dr-miracles,,,

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  44. My name is Ruth Moore from uk. I never believed in love spells or magic until i met this spell caster once when i went to Africa in February this year on a business summit. I meant a man who’s name is DR.OYINBO he is really powerful and could help cast spells to bring back one’s gone, lost, misbehaving lover and magic money spell or spell for a good job or luck spell .I’m now happy & a living testimony cos the man i had wanted to marry left me 3 weeks before our wedding and my life was upside down cos our relationship has been on for 3years. I really loved him, but his mother was against us and he had no good paying job. So when i met this spell caster, i told him what happened and explained the situation of things to him. At first i was undecided, skeptical and doubtful, but i just gave it a try. And in 7 days when i returned to Canada, my boyfriend (now husband) called me by himself and came to me apologizing that everything had been settled with his mom and family and he got a new job interview so we should get married. I didn’t believe it cos the spell caster only asked for my name and my boyfriends name and all i wanted him to do. Well we are happily married now and we are expecting our little kid, and my husband also got the new job and our lives became much better. His email is prophetoyinbojesus@yahoo.com

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  45. I'm very excited sharing this amazing testimony about how i save my marriage and get my husband back today, My name is Keys Miller,i live in Los Angeles, California, and I'm happily married to a lovely and caring husband ,with three kids. A very big problem occurred in my family seven months ago,between me and my husband. So terrible that he took the case to court for a divorce,he said that he never wanted to stay with me again,and that he didn't love me anymore.So he packed out of the house and made me and my children passed through severe pain. I tried all my possible means to get him back,after much begging,but all to no avail.and he confirmed it that he has made his decision,and he never wanted to see me again. So on one evening,as i was coming back from work,i met an old friend of mine who asked of my husband . So i explained every thing to him,so he told me that the only way i can get my husband back,is to visit a spell caster,because it has really worked for him too.So i never believed in spell,but i had no other choice,than to follow his advice. Then he gave me the email address of the spell caster whom he visited.{GREATOGUDUGU@GMAIL.COM}. So the next morning,i sent a mail to the address he gave to me,and the spell caster assured me that i will get my husband back the next day.What an amazing statement!! I never believed,so he spoke with me,and told me everything that i need to do. Then the next morning, So surprisingly, my husband who didn't call me for the past seven 9 months,gave me a call to inform me that he was coming back.So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and my children. Then from that day,our relationship was now stronger than how it were before,by the help of a spell caster. So, i will advice you out there to kindly contact Dr Ogudugu if you have any problems,{GREATOGUDUGU@GMAIL.COM}. Thanks you Dr Ogudugu, i will always be testifying about your good work.

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  46. Hello friends, I'm Jeremy Micheal from USA. I want to share my testimony and how grateful I am since my lover came back to me because of the great help from a powerful spell caster DR. SAM whose email address is [ miraclefertilitysolutiontemple@yahoo.com ] rendered to me. My girlfriend broke up with me on the first week of October last year because she thought I was cheating on her, she told me that her friends has been telling her that I have been seeing someone else when she is not around. I tried to make her understand that her friends are lying to her but she did not give me the chance to explain to her this was how she left me. After a month of our breakup I tried to live a normal life without her but it was very hard for me to cope then I decided to contact DR. SAM after seeing several testimonies about his work every single blog I log into via his email address miraclefertilitysolutiontemple@yahoo.com which I came across this month January 2nd during my search looking for help on how to get my lover back. DR. SAM then cast a love spell for me and made my lover to come back to me within the period of 48hours. With this great joy in my heart I want to say a big thanks to DR. SAM. If any one needs such help don’t wait all life time to get help in getting back your lover contact DR. SAM now on his personal email : miraclefertilitysolutiontempl1@gmail.com or miraclefertilitysolutiontemple@yahoo.com or through his website: http://miraclefertilityso.wix.com/dr-sam
    You can also contact him through his mobile: +2348110496031. Contact him now for love spell to bring back your ex lover and pregnancy spell he is the best spell caster and he is the best solution to all relationship problems.

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  49. I'm Pamela Scott from Las Vegas,USA.I can’t hide this amazing testimony that took place in my life. A powerful spell-caster named Dr. Candova brought back my love who left me and run off with another woman while I was six months pregnant,it was a painful period for me because i loved him so much an didn't want to lose him,so i contact Dr.Candova via email: CANDOVALOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM and whatsapp him with his number +2348131612153,he cast a spell for me and behold my husband was back to me and we are now a happy family,contact him to fix your relationship because he did it for me and i completely trust Dr.Candova to fix your relationship,Thank you Dr.Candova for this.

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